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26 января 2011

Как работает почта в Авангарде (решение)

Категория: linux — admin @ 0:50

см. предыдущий пост на эту тему Как работает почта в Авангарде (продолжение)

отправляем почту на Yandex сразу после установки sendmail:

Connecting to [127.0.0.1] via relay...
220 ubuntu.localdomain ESMTP Sendmail 8.14.3/8.14.3/Debian-9.2ubuntu1; Tue, 25 Jan 2011 12:14:47 -0800; (No UCE/UBE) logging access from: localhost(OK)-localhost [127.0.0.1]
>>> EHLO ubuntu.localdomain
250-ubuntu.localdomain Hello localhost [127.0.0.1], pleased to meet you
250-ENHANCEDSTATUSCODES
250-PIPELINING
250-EXPN
250-VERB
250-8BITMIME
250-SIZE
250-DSN
250-ETRN
250-AUTH DIGEST-MD5 CRAM-MD5
250-DELIVERBY
250 HELP
>>> VERB
250 2.0.0 Verbose mode
>>> MAIL From:<murat@ubuntu.localdomain> SIZE=77 AUTH=murat@ubuntu.localdomain
250 2.1.0 <murat@ubuntu.localdomain>... Sender ok
>>> RCPT To:<-s@ubuntu.localdomain>
>>> RCPT To:<cvx@yandex.ru>
>>> DATA
550 5.1.1 <-s@ubuntu.localdomain>... User unknown
250 2.1.5 <cvx@yandex.ru>... Recipient ok
354 Enter mail, end with "." on a line by itself
>>> .
050 <cvx@yandex.ru>... Connecting to mx.yandex.ru. via esmtp...
050 220 mxfront22.mail.yandex.net (Want to use Yandex.Mail for your domain? Visit http://pdd.yandex.ru)
050 >>> EHLO ubuntu.localdomain
050 250-mxfront22.mail.yandex.net
050 250-8BITMIME
050 250-PIPELINING
050 250-SIZE 42991616
050 250 ENHANCEDSTATUSCODES
050 >>> MAIL From:<murat@ubuntu.localdomain> SIZE=308
050 250 2.1.0 <murat@ubuntu.localdomain> ok
050 >>> RCPT To:<cvx@yandex.ru>
050 >>> DATA
050 250 2.1.5 <cvx@yandex.ru> recipient ok
050 354 Enter mail, end with "." on a line by itself
050 >>> .
050 250 2.0.0 Ok: queued on mxfront22.mail.yandex.net as EUQSBfhG-EUQ0a0jG
050 <cvx@yandex.ru>... Sent (Ok: queued on mxfront22.mail.yandex.net as EUQSBfhG-EUQ0a0jG)
250 2.0.0 p0PKEljG013567 Message accepted for delivery
cvx@yandex.ru... Sent (p0PKEljG013567 Message accepted for delivery)
/home/murat/dead.letter... Saved message in /home/murat/dead.letter
Closing connection to [127.0.0.1]
>>> QUIT
221 2.0.0 ubuntu.localdomain closing connection

всё ок, письмо дошло.

отправляем на soap@mail.spbnit.ru (sendmail -i -v soap@mail.spbnit.ru -s < body.txt):

Connecting to [127.0.0.1] via relay...
220 ubuntu.localdomain ESMTP Sendmail 8.14.3/8.14.3/Debian-9.2ubuntu1; Tue, 25 Jan 2011 12:25:28 -0800; (No UCE/UBE) logging access from: localhost(OK)-localhost [127.0.0.1]
>>> EHLO ubuntu.localdomain
250-ubuntu.localdomain Hello localhost [127.0.0.1], pleased to meet you
250-ENHANCEDSTATUSCODES
250-PIPELINING
250-EXPN
250-VERB
250-8BITMIME
250-SIZE
250-DSN
250-ETRN
250-AUTH DIGEST-MD5 CRAM-MD5
250-DELIVERBY
250 HELP
>>> VERB
250 2.0.0 Verbose mode
>>> MAIL From:<murat@ubuntu.localdomain> SIZE=77 AUTH=murat@ubuntu.localdomain
250 2.1.0 <murat@ubuntu.localdomain>... Sender ok
>>> RCPT To:<-s@ubuntu.localdomain>
>>> RCPT To:<soap@mail.spbnit.ru>
>>> DATA
550 5.1.1 <-s@ubuntu.localdomain>... User unknown
250 2.1.5 <soap@mail.spbnit.ru>... Recipient ok
354 Enter mail, end with "." on a line by itself
>>> .
050 <soap@mail.spbnit.ru>... Connecting to mx.spbnit.ru. via esmtp...
050 220 mx.spbnit.ru ESMTP Postfix
050 >>> EHLO ubuntu.localdomain
050 250-mx.spbnit.ru
050 250-PIPELINING
050 250-SIZE 10240000
050 250-ETRN
050 250-ENHANCEDSTATUSCODES
050 250-8BITMIME
050 250 DSN
050 >>> MAIL From:<murat@ubuntu.localdomain> SIZE=308
050 250 2.1.0 Ok
050 >>> RCPT To:<soap@mail.spbnit.ru>
050 >>> DATA
050 550 5.1.8 <murat@ubuntu.localdomain>: Sender address rejected: Domain not found
050 554 5.5.1 Error: no valid recipients
050 >>> RSET
050 250 2.0.0 Ok
050 <murat@ubuntu.localdomain>... Connecting to local...
050 <murat@ubuntu.localdomain>... Sent
250 2.0.0 p0PKPSfP013665 Message accepted for delivery
soap@mail.spbnit.ru... Sent (p0PKPSfP013665 Message accepted for delivery)
/home/murat/dead.letter... Saved message in /home/murat/dead.letter
Closing connection to [127.0.0.1]
>>> QUIT
221 2.0.0 ubuntu.localdomain closing connection

говорит, что «Sender address rejected: Domain not found», меняем /etc/hosts:

127.0.0.1       localhost
127.0.1.1       beauty-exclusive.ru     ubuntu.localdomain      ubuntu

# The following lines are desirable for IPv6 capable hosts
::1     localhost ip6-localhost ip6-loopback
fe00::0 ip6-localnet
ff00::0 ip6-mcastprefix
ff02::1 ip6-allnodes
ff02::2 ip6-allrouters

, получается следующее:

Connecting to [127.0.0.1] via relay...
220 ubuntu.localdomain ESMTP Sendmail 8.14.3/8.14.3/Debian-9.2ubuntu1; Tue, 25 Jan 2011 12:31:34 -0800; (No UCE/UBE) logging access from: localhost(OK)-localhost [127.0.0.1]
>>> EHLO beauty-exclusive.ru
250-ubuntu.localdomain Hello localhost [127.0.0.1], pleased to meet you
250-ENHANCEDSTATUSCODES
250-PIPELINING
250-EXPN
250-VERB
250-8BITMIME
250-SIZE
250-DSN
250-ETRN
250-AUTH DIGEST-MD5 CRAM-MD5
250-DELIVERBY
250 HELP
>>> VERB
250 2.0.0 Verbose mode
>>> MAIL From:<murat@beauty-exclusive.ru> SIZE=77 AUTH=murat@beauty-exclusive.ru
250 2.1.0 <murat@beauty-exclusive.ru>... Sender ok
>>> RCPT To:<-s@beauty-exclusive.ru>
>>> RCPT To:<soap@mail.spbnit.ru>
>>> DATA
250 2.1.5 <-s@beauty-exclusive.ru>... Recipient ok
250 2.1.5 <soap@mail.spbnit.ru>... Recipient ok
354 Enter mail, end with "." on a line by itself
>>> .
050 <-s@beauty-exclusive.ru>... Connecting to aspmx.l.google.com. via esmtp...
050 220 mx.google.com ESMTP q18si34332410eeh.46
050 >>> EHLO ubuntu.localdomain
050 250-mx.google.com at your service, [91.122.53.161]
050 250-SIZE 35651584
050 250-8BITMIME
050 250-STARTTLS
050 250 ENHANCEDSTATUSCODES
050 >>> STARTTLS
050 220 2.0.0 Ready to start TLS
050 >>> EHLO ubuntu.localdomain
050 250-mx.google.com at your service, [91.122.53.161]
050 250-SIZE 35651584
050 250-8BITMIME
050 250 ENHANCEDSTATUSCODES
050 >>> MAIL From:<murat@beauty-exclusive.ru> SIZE=310
050 250 2.1.0 OK q18si34332410eeh.46
050 >>> RCPT To:<-s@beauty-exclusive.ru>
050 550-5.1.1 The email account that you tried to reach does not exist. Please try
050 550-5.1.1 double-checking the recipient's email address for typos or
050 550-5.1.1 unnecessary spaces. Learn more at
050 550 5.1.1 http://mail.google.com/support/bin/answer.py?answer=6596 q18si34332410eeh.46
050 >>> DATA
050 503 5.5.1 RCPT first. q18si34332410eeh.46
050 >>> RSET
050 250 2.1.5 Flushed q18si34332410eeh.46
050 <soap@mail.spbnit.ru>... Connecting to mx.spbnit.ru. via esmtp...
050 220 mx.spbnit.ru ESMTP Postfix
050 >>> EHLO ubuntu.localdomain
050 250-mx.spbnit.ru
050 250-PIPELINING
050 250-SIZE 10240000
050 250-ETRN
050 250-ENHANCEDSTATUSCODES
050 250-8BITMIME
050 250 DSN
050 >>> MAIL From:<murat@beauty-exclusive.ru> SIZE=310
050 250 2.1.0 Ok
050 >>> RCPT To:<soap@mail.spbnit.ru>
050 >>> DATA
050 450 4.2.0 <soap@mail.spbnit.ru>: Recipient address rejected: Your host in Greylist. Try again later.
050 <soap@mail.spbnit.ru>... Deferred: 450 4.2.0 <soap@mail.spbnit.ru>: Recipient address rejected: Your host in Greylist. Try again later.
050 554 5.5.1 Error: no valid recipients
050 >>> RSET
050 250 2.0.0 Ok
050 >>> RSET
050 250 2.1.5 Flushed q18si34332410eeh.46
050 <murat@beauty-exclusive.ru>... Using cached ESMTP connection to aspmx.l.google.com. via esmtp...
050 >>> MAIL From:<>
050 250 2.1.0 OK q18si34332410eeh.46
050 >>> RCPT To:<murat@beauty-exclusive.ru>
050 550-5.1.1 The email account that you tried to reach does not exist. Please try
050 550-5.1.1 double-checking the recipient's email address for typos or
050 550-5.1.1 unnecessary spaces. Learn more at
050 550 5.1.1 http://mail.google.com/support/bin/answer.py?answer=6596 q18si34332410eeh.46
050 >>> DATA
050 503 5.5.1 RCPT first. q18si34332410eeh.46
050 >>> RSET
050 250 2.1.5 Flushed q18si34332410eeh.46
050 MAILER-DAEMON... aliased to postmaster
050 postmaster... aliased to root
050 postmaster... aliased to root
050 root... Connecting to local...
050 root... Sent
250 2.0.0 p0PKVY2Y013702 Message accepted for delivery
-s,soap@mail.spbnit.ru... Sent (p0PKVY2Y013702 Message accepted for delivery)
Closing connection to [127.0.0.1]
>>> QUIT
221 2.0.0 ubuntu.localdomain closing connection

не очень понятно, на что он ругается и что за Greylist такой, но если просто прописать смарт хост, то всё будет нормально:

dnl #
dnl # If you're on a dialup link, you should enable this - so sendmail
dnl # will not bring up the link (it will queue mail for later)
dnl define(`confCON_EXPENSIVE',`True')dnl
dnl #
dnl # Dialup/LAN connection overrides
dnl #

define(`SMART_HOST',`smtp.spbtlg.ru')dnl

include(`/etc/mail/m4/dialup.m4')dnl
include(`/etc/mail/m4/provider.m4')dnl
dnl #
dnl # Default Mailer setup
MAILER_DEFINITIONS
MAILER(`local')dnl
MAILER(`smtp')dnl

посылаем письмо из под юзера dev, чтобы From Address был dev@beauty-exclusive.ru:

 Connecting to [127.0.0.1] via relay...
220 beauty-exclusive.ru ESMTP Sendmail 8.14.3/8.14.3/Debian-9.2ubuntu1; Tue, 25      Jan 2011 13:21:05 -0800; (No UCE/UBE) logging access from: localhost(OK)-localho     st [127.0.0.1]
>>> EHLO beauty-exclusive.ru
250-beauty-exclusive.ru Hello localhost [127.0.0.1], pleased to meet you
250-ENHANCEDSTATUSCODES
250-PIPELINING
250-EXPN
250-VERB
250-8BITMIME
250-SIZE
250-DSN
250-ETRN
250-AUTH DIGEST-MD5 CRAM-MD5
250-DELIVERBY
250 HELP
>>> VERB
250 2.0.0 Verbose mode
>>> MAIL From:<dev@beauty-exclusive.ru> SIZE=85 AUTH=dev@beauty-exclusive.ru
250 2.1.0 <dev@beauty-exclusive.ru>... Sender ok
>>> RCPT To:<-s@beauty-exclusive.ru>
>>> RCPT To:<soap@mail.spbnit.ru>
>>> DATA
550 5.1.1 <-s@beauty-exclusive.ru>... User unknown
250 2.1.5 <soap@mail.spbnit.ru>... Recipient ok
354 Enter mail, end with "." on a line by itself
>>> .
050 <soap@mail.spbnit.ru>... Connecting to smtp.spbtlg.ru. via relay...
050 220 smtp.spbtlg.ru ESMTP Postfix
050 >>> EHLO beauty-exclusive.ru
050 250-smtp.spbtlg.ru
050 250-PIPELINING
050 250-SIZE 10240000
050 250-VRFY
050 250-ETRN
050 250-ENHANCEDSTATUSCODES
050 250-8BITMIME
050 250 DSN
050 >>> MAIL From:<dev@beauty-exclusive.ru> SIZE=316
050 250 2.1.0 Ok
050 >>> RCPT To:<soap@mail.spbnit.ru>
050 >>> DATA
050 250 2.1.5 Ok
050 354 End data with <CR><LF>.<CR><LF>
050 >>> .
050 250 2.0.0 Ok: queued as EEACAC84DF
050 <soap@mail.spbnit.ru>... Sent (Ok: queued as EEACAC84DF)
250 2.0.0 p0PLL5P6014899 Message accepted for delivery
soap@mail.spbnit.ru... Sent (p0PLL5P6014899 Message accepted for delivery)
/home/dev/dead.letter... Saved message in /home/dev/dead.letter
Closing connection to [127.0.0.1]
>>> QUIT
221 2.0.0 beauty-exclusive.ru closing connection

письмо доходит и в логе нет ошибок.

такое тоже нормально работает независимо от /etc/hosts:

sendmail -oi -v -f from@gmail.com -t to@yandex.ru < body.txt
Линии 3D/Шарики 3D

4 комментария »

  1. чтобы не было undisclosed-recipients надо в body.txt прописывать To:
    Subject: test mail QQ
    From: Me <test@gmail.com>
    To: Vasya<test@yandex.ru>
    first line of my message

    Комментарий от Василий — 7 февраля 2011 @ 21:49

  2. если в /etc/php5/apache2/php.ini прописать вот такую штуку:
    ; For Unix only.  You may supply arguments as well (default: «sendmail -t -i»).
    sendmail_path = /usr/sbin/sendmail -t -i -f somevalidaddress@gmail.com
    то PHP mail() должно работать.

    Комментарий от Василий — 7 февраля 2011 @ 22:34

  3. скрипт для посылки письма:
    <?php
    $to = «testto@yandex.ru»;
    $subject = «Hi!»;
    $body = «Hi,\n\nHow are you? QQww`!»;
    $from = ‘testfrom@gmail.com’;
    if (mail($to, $subject, $body, «From: $from»)) {
    echo(«<p>Message successfully sent!</p>»);
    } else {
    echo(«<p>Message delivery failed…</p>»);
    }
    ?>

    Комментарий от Профессор — 7 февраля 2011 @ 22:36

  4. да, действительно в php.ini надо прописывать вот так:

    sendmail_path = «/usr/sbin/sendmail -t -f myaddress@gmail.com -i»

    иначе не работает

    Комментарий от Федор — 16 мая 2011 @ 14:31

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